I was also aware that the Indian National Congress (INC) had split into 'naram' and 'garam' dal. The prominent leaders of the 'naram' dal included Gandhiji, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Sardar Patel, and many others. The 'garam' dal had a tall leader, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, a person who quit his job as an ICS officer of the British Raj and joined the INC. He quickly rose to the top of the organisation but had very radical ideas and did not feel that non-violent action could get India its independence. He postulated total 'swaraj' much before the INC, which at the time was toying with the idea of 'dominion' status. He eventually escaped out of India and traveled to Germany, where he met Hitler and started an army by recruiting Indian POWs who had been captured by Germans. This did not fructify as the aims of Hitler and Netaji were at variance. He thereafter traveled to Japan and formed the Indian National Army (INA), which waged war against the British and Americans along with the Japanese. The Japanese and INA were defeated and thus nothing substantial came out of the formation of the INA and its war against the British. We finally got our independence in 1947 due entirely to the efforts of the 'naram' dal under Gandhiji and Jawahar Lal Nehru.
This has been my understanding of the freedom struggle up until now. I came across the following video that made me rethink my understanding of the event.